A non-dependant is someone who lives with you and is aged 18 years and above.
It does not include someone who lives with you, who has a legally enforceable agreement to pay rent to you or your landlord.
A non-dependant might be your child or an elderly relative.
Non-dependants and how they affect your claim
If any non-dependants live in your home, we may have to reduce the amount of help you get.
This is called a non-dependant deduction.
The amount of deduction made depends on how much gross income your non-dependant has and whether they are working over 16 hours a week.
By gross income we mean all the money they get, which includes:
- earnings (before tax and National Insurance is deducted)
- social security benefits
- interest paid on savings
We will need to see original proof of the non-dependant's income and capital, for example pay slips and bank statements. If you don't show us original proof (i.e. not photocopies), we will deduct the maximum allowed.
Attendance Allowance, Disability Living Allowance and Personal Independence Payment do not count as income.
Non-dependent deduction levels
The non-dependant deductions change every April. You can view the current deduction levels in the PDF files below:
- Non-dependant deduction rates for Housing Benefits 2022/23
- Non-dependant deduction rates for Council Tax Reduction scheme 2022/23
You can view 2021-22 deduction levels in the PDF files below:
- Non-dependant deduction rates for Housing Benefits 2021/22
- Non-dependant deduction rates for Council Tax Reduction scheme 2021/22
If the non-dependants living in your home are married to each other or living together as a couple, we add their incomes together and make one deduction.
Joint tenant or joint owner
If you share your home with a joint tenant/owner and a non-dependant lives in the home with both of you, we will take only half the normal non-dependant deduction.
When deductions are not made
Deductions are not made if you or your partner are:
- registered blind
- receiving Attendance Allowance
- receiving Disability Living Allowance (care component)
- receiving Personal Independence Payment (daily living component)
Deductions are not made if the non-dependant adult living with you:
- is aged under 25 and receiving Income Support or Jobseeker's Allowance
- is aged under 25 and receiving Employment and Support Allowance in the assessment phase (first 13 weeks)
- receives a Youth Training Allowance
- has been a hospital in-patient for more than 52 weeks
- is a prisoner
- is a student (although deductions will be made if they work during the summer holidays)
- usually lives elsewhere
- receives Pension Credit
Special rules apply for existing cases (not new claims), when the claimant or partner is aged 65 or over and:
- a non-dependant moves into the household or
- the income of an existing non-dependant increases
In these circumstances, the non-dependant deduction (or the increased deduction) will not take effect for 26 weeks.